[11], The Code Of Conduct Tribunal is established by the Chapter C15 Code of Conduct Bureau and Tribunal Act, No. The Nigerian constitution recognizes courts as either Federal or State courts. It is constitutionally required to have at least three Judges who are versed in customary law and at least three Judges who are versed in Islamic personal law. The head of the Court of Appeal has the title President of the Appeal Court. Published All appointments (federal or state) are based on the recommendations of the National Judicial Council. This consists of: (a) the received English law comprising: (i) the common law; (ii) the doctrines of equity; (iii) statutes of general application in force in England on January 1, 1900; (iv) … Just below the Federal Court of Appeal are the tier 3 courts. The High Court of a state/FCT is the highest English law court in a state or the FCT. The Law of Nigeria consists of courts, offences, and various types of laws. Your email address will not be published. by MIJ Professional Publishers Ltd. Read reviews from world’s largest community for readers. It is presided over by a Chief Judge who is assisted by other Judges. 15 Rules of Punctuation and How to Use Them. The Federal High Court is generally a court of original jurisdiction. In that case, we can't... To see what your friends thought of this book, Escape the Present with These 24 Historical Romances. The sources of Nigerian law are: The Constitution; Legislation; English law; Customary law ; Islamic law ; Judicial precedents; 2.1. Judgements from the tier 2 court can be appealed to the Supreme Court (the tier 1 court). judgements from the English law Magistrates Court can only be appealed to the tier 3 English law court (the High Court of a state/FCT). [12], The Code Of Conduct Tribunal (CCT) shall consist of a chairman and two other members, whose chairman shall be a person who has held or is qualified to hold office as a Judge of a superior court of record in Nigeria and shall receive such remuneration as may be prescribed by law. Be the first to ask a question about Sources Of Nigerian Law. Give it a try, you can unsubscribe anytime. The English common law is regarded as such because it is law common to all parts of England. This Guide to Law Online Nigeria contains a selection of Nigerian legal, juridical, and governmental sources accessible through the Internet. English common law (a colonial inheritance) 2. : (1) National Assembly Election Tribunals that deal with petitions from the Senate and House of Representatives elections and (2) Governorship and Legislative Election Tribunals that deal with petitions from the Gubernatorial and State House of Assembly elections. What is the Difference Between the Theoretical and the Conceptual Framework? Due to the fact that the Nigerian capital (known as happy town or The Federal Capital Territory, FCT) is not a state, it has no Governor. [8], Judgements from the tier 4 courts can be appealed only to their respective higher tier 3 courts (e.g. How to Write a Good Table of Content for Your Project or Seminar, Key Things You Need to Know About the Continents and Their Unique Features, Selected Project topics in Medical Radiography And Radiological Sciences. Laws made by Nigerian Legislature form primary sources. 1 of 1989 Laws of the Federation of Nigeria, 2004 with commencement date of 1 January 1991, which "provide for the establishment of the Code of Conduct Bureau and Tribunal to deal with complaints of Corruption by public servants for the breaches of its provisions. The Court of Appeal is mainly a court of appellate jurisdiction, however it has original jurisdiction for presidential and vice-presidential election petitions. In order to bring the administration of justice closer to the people it has a division in each of the thirty-six states of the country. Privatization and Commercialization Decree 1988. The FCT courts are: the High Court of the FCT, the Customary Court of Appeal of the FCT and the Sharia Court of Appeal of the FCT. Let us know what’s wrong with this preview of. It is presided over by a Judge who has the title: President of the Customary Court of Appeal of the state/FCT and is assisted by other Judges. The predominantly Christian southern states tend to have Customary courts and not Sharia courts. Sharia, meaning "way" or "path" in religious law of Islam,[16] has been in Nigeria for a long time. With the return of the country to democratic rule in 1999, some of the predominantly Muslim northern states have instituted full sharia law (criminal and civil). How to Write the Scope of Study Outlining its Salient Features. [5][6], Judgements from the tier 3 courts can be appealed to the tier 2 court (Federal Court of Appeal). No. It grew over time from the practices, customs and … This book is not yet featured on Listopia. Its courts that are equivalent to the state courts have their Judges appointed by the President and are thus federal courts. Due to the fact that there is a division of the Federal High Court in each state and that each state has its own High Court, there is usually some confusion as to which court is which. You know the saying: There's no time like the present...unless you're looking for a distraction from the current moment. The entire sources of Nigerian law is classified into two which include, primary and secondary sources. Sharia law (also known as Islamic law) is law that is used only in the predominantly Muslim north of the country[15]. A person holding the office of chairman or member of the Tribunal shall not be removed from office before retiring age, save in accordance with the provisions of the section of the Act.[14]. Election tribunals are set up by the President of the Federal Court of Appeal in consultation with the Chief Judges of the High Courts of the states, Presidents of the Customary Courts of Appeal of the states and/or Grand Khadis of the Sharia Courts of Appeal of the states. Terms of Use. SOURCES OF NIGERIAN LAW Majorly, there are five sources of Nigerian Law namely: Customary and Islamic law, Received English Law, Nigerian Local Legislation including Delegated Legislation, Judicial Precedents, Law reports and Textbooks. This is partly because all other sources of Nigerian law are considered as such by virtue of a piece of legislation or the other. It is presided over by a Chief Judge who is assisted by other Judges. Each of the states (currently thirty-six) is constitutionally allowed to have all of these courts. The 1999 Constitution has been amended three times, all in 2010. There are four distinct legal systems in Nigeria, which include English law, Common law, Customary law, and Sharia (Islamic) Law. 1. How to Cram Effectively While Preparing for a Test/Exam. However, the most prominent among them include: The Common Law of England; The Doctrines of Equity; Case Laws. English Law. The chairman and other members of the Tribunal shall be appointed by the President on the recommendation of the National Judicial Council. The current constitution is the Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria, 1999. However, to bring the administration of justice closer to the people, the Court of Appeal has multiple divisions (currently sixteen) in various parts of the country. There are no discussion topics on this book yet. Civil sharia law has been enshrined in the various Nigerian constitutions since independence. A List of Collective Nouns (Ships, Cows, Trees, Bees and so on). e/FCT, (3) the Customary Court of Appeal of a state/FCT and (4) the Sharia Court of Appeal of a state/FCT. These states are Kano, Katsina, Niger, Bauchi, Borno, Kaduna, Gombe, Sokoto, Jigawa, Yobe, and Kebbi.[18]. Goodreads helps you keep track of books you want to read. We’d love your help. The State courts include: the High Court of a State, the Customary Court of Appeal of a State and the Sharia Court of Appeal of a State. [13], A person holding the office of chairman or member of the Code Of Conduct Tribunal shall not be removed from his office or appointment by the President except upon an address supported by two-thirds majority of each House of the National Assembly of Nigeria praying that he be so removed for inability to discharge the functions of the office in question (whether arising from infirmity of mind or body) or for misconduct or for contravention of the Act. The Supreme Court is headed by a Chief Justice who is assisted by other Justices. The High Court of a state/FCT and the Federal High Court have similar powers. Just a moment while we sign you in to your Goodreads account. There are four distinct legal systems in Nigeria, which include English law, Common law, Customary law, and Sharia Law.English law in Nigeria is derived from the colonial Nigeria, while … The Supreme Court of Nigeria is the highest court in Nigeria. Start by marking “Sources Of Nigerian Law” as Want to Read: Error rating book. They include: (1) the Federal High Court and (2) the High Court of a state/FCT, (3) the Customary Court of Appeal of a state/FCT and (4) the Sharia Court of Appeal of a state/FCT. The Law of Nigeria consists of courts, offences, and various types of laws. Welcome back. The most recent constitution came into effect in 1999. A primary difference between both is that the President appoints justices/judges to federal courts, while State Governors appoint judges to state courts. He/She is assisted by Justices. The Constitution of Nigeria is the supreme law of the country. 62. The 1999 Nigerian Constitution came into force on May 29, 1999. [17] Full sharia law was first passed into law in Zamfara in late 1999 and the law came into effect in January 2000. Also, S.27(1) of the High court of Lagos law validates customary law. It is based in the capital, Abuja. 1996 The Federal High Court is based in Abuja. Primary Sources of Nigerian Law Primary sources of Nigerian law could be referred to the fundamental sources of law that have ground and binding significance.

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