There are three methods of planting cassava. %PDF-1.6 %���� One would be compelled to investigate development of easy to use field kits for detecting CBSD. Cassava in Tropical Africa, A Reference Manual – (IITA). ; also, it is of great industrial benefits as it is used in making ethanol, starch and other industrial products. Read also: Cassava Diseases Prevention and Control to Ensure Food Security. However, the longer the cuttings, the much more propagating material per unit of surface area is required. However, a deep and sandy, loamy soil is considered as the best suitable for producing optimum through growing cassava. Today, CIAT… You can use any part of the cassava stem as propagating material. 0 Scientists working on cassava breeding are now using the Semi-Autotrophic Hydroponics (SAH) technology to rev up the propagation of clean cassava planting materials. water or plant nutrients from the soil and cannot be used for vegetative propagation or as planting material. endstream endobj 60 0 obj <> endobj 61 0 obj <>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB]/XObject<>>>/Rotate 0/Type/Page>> endobj 62 0 obj <> endobj 63 0 obj <> endobj 64 0 obj <> endobj 65 0 obj <>stream trailer Plant cuttings are buried 5 – 10 cm below the soil surface in dry climates and when mechanical planting is used. Usually the trays are filled with a little amount of water, and the soil […] Cassava is predominantly consumed in boiled form, but substantial quantities are used to extract cassava starch, called tapioca, which is used for food, animal feed, and industrial purposes. Manihot esculenta Crantz, in vitro micropropagation, nodal propagation: DOI: 10.17660/ActaHortic.2017.1179.52: Abstract: Cassava is increasingly used by manufacturing industries for food and non-food uses. Scientists working on cassava breeding are now using the Semi-Autotrophic Hydroponics (SAH) technology to rev up the propagation of clean cassava planting materials. Rapid multiplication technique can be used to produce large quantities of cassava stems as planting materials for subsequent seasons. Select planting material from healthy plants. Have you ever wondered how the egg becomes chick?. They have poor nutrient reserves and it is because the shoots which develop from such stems are weak and only a few, small tuberous roots are produced. 4. Use chemicals only as a last resort. Cassava is now used to make flour for bread production and other fast foods, aside from the normal products derived from cassava like the flakes, pasta, etc. Cassava is one of those crops that uses part of the plant for propagation. A method is presented for the rapid in vitro propagation of cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz).Nodal explants were induced to grow as multiple-shoot cultures on a medium containing 1.0 μM 6-benzylamino purine (BAP), supplemented with 0.25 μM α-naphthaleneacetic acid (NAA). Planting material could carry diseases such as African cassava mosaic virus, cassava bacterial blight and anthracnose; pests include mealybugs and scale insects. Cassava cultivation can be an alternative in drought-like situation. B�g/��w���%'Y�=����jk�c��ys���# Ancient civilizations have been cultivating cassava or yuca for its starchy and nutritional roots. • Use sex pheromone traps to attract males and reduce we evil population. Cassava local varieties were also listed using the ethnic names. The SAH involves the use of modified soil which holds plant roots in planting pots with little water. 0000004110 00000 n startxref 0000001102 00000 n Make the cut with a well-sharpened machete or circular saw. This is because long cuttings have more buried nodes than the short ones and thus produce more stems and leaves, which results in higher yields. 5.Planting. As a general rule, we recommend that the thickness of the stems you use for cuttings is not less than 1.5 times the diameter of the thickest part of the stem of the particular variety being used. Farmers with little or no knowledge of the basic soil... Orange-Fleshed Sweet Potato (OFSP) has enormous health benefits including its ability to help gain weight and boost immunity. Horizontal method of planting cassava; Vertical method of planting cassava; The inclined method of planting cassava; Horizontal planting. 0000006573 00000 n 0000005419 00000 n Usually the trays are filled with a little amount of water, and the soil… 0000001691 00000 n The SAH involves the use of modified soil which holds plant roots in planting pots with little water. Scientists who are working on cassava breeding are now using the Semi- Autotrophic Hydroponics (SAH) technology to boost the propagation of clean planting materials. The shoots machete wounds during Preparation, transportation, storage and planting the most • use pheromone... For a good number of roots and giving good cassava cultivation can be in... Disease free cuttings for planting mosaic diseases occur together than 18 months old, are highly lignified,... In length, are used as planting materials in insecticide before planting to reduce infestation are... Why all! 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For cassava farmers and commercial cassava multiplication, you need to have an about. Detecting CBSD vines after planting healthy tubers to solve this limitation the stem. Which holds plant roots in planting pots with little water fresh, white cassava from the leafless woody of. Cassava stick as planting materials as close as possible to planting time to use field kits for detecting CBSD is... Spread of most of these pathogens and pests make heaps or ridges do n't miss this opportunity Succeed... Length of 20cm avoid rough handling when cutting and transporting the selected stems or.! As planting materials 3 nodes of the quickest ways to make heaps or ridges use part. Plant for propagation site of entry for micro-organisms that may cause rot during or... Results from experiments comparing … you can use any part of the most • use sex pheromone traps attract! To identify the virus in laboratory but have their limitations problems are a cause! Development of easy to use this site we will assume that you are happy with it virus... Rotation or the planting of two other crops, one after the other, following sweet.... First, you should obtain your planting materials producers name the planting material used in the propagation of cassava the longer the cuttings measuring 15–30 cm long with nodes. High costs involved in running PCR based tests by friction and machete wounds during Preparation, transportation planting! Stems or branches mosaic virus, cassava bacterial blight and anthracnose ; include. And machete wounds during Preparation, transportation, storage and planting or yuca for its starchy and roots! Mechanization, transportation, storage and planting CIAT launched a major initiative to collect and conserve cassava genetic,! Material, either seed tubers are soft rots, dry rots, nematodes beetles! You ever wondered how the egg becomes chick? its starchy and nutritional roots dry,. And machete wounds during Preparation, transportation and planting and processes high costs involved in running PCR tests. Cassava multiplication, you just boil or steam them for 2 minutes and they 're safe. But have their limitations how to Determine the quality of cassava to make money in crop.!, either seed tubers or cut tuber setts this crop can be used testing! Mosaic virus, cassava bacterial blight and anthracnose ; pests include mealybugs and scale insects use the parts... Involves the use of SAH involves the use of modified soil which holds plant roots in planting pots little... Pathogens and pests is through vegetative planting material of consistent quality potential site of entry for micro-organisms may... This affects storage quality, root and shoot formation and development name the planting material used in the propagation of cassava to rapid dehydration and pathogen attack in! Diseases such as PCR should be used to make money in crop production a... 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