Universal religions such as Judaism, Christianity, Zoroastrianism, Islam, and others mostly rose between 500 BCE and 600 CE. This paper is a study in the history of religion. These religions can be traced back to their founders because they were established within recorded history, a characteristic of all universalizing religions. Because most universalizing religions operate on a global scale, conversion to universalizing religions is usually relatively easy and highly encouraged by practitioners of the faith. Religion is a learned universal institution stemming from the fear of the unknown; namely, death. Yet another characteristic of universalizing religions that are rarely found in ethnic religions is the ease of conversion. There are a lot of religions in the world, but the main ones - those with the most believers - are Christianity, Islam, Hinduism, Buddhism and Taoism. If, to guide our moral decision making, a universal purpose is indeed formulated from Life’s “meta-purpose,” then the guidelines we later develop must all emanate from the desire to achieve this purpose. Most universalizing religions are divided into branches, denominations, and sects. "This seems to be favored on the assumption that it helps explain the power religion has to bind a person to a community, culture, course of action, ideology, etc. In crafting our definition of a universal purpose to guide development of a new religion, the definition must assume as little as possible, be as logical as possible, and be based upon the best of current knowledge. Nowadays a sound religion might be rationally grown in a decade or two, via electronic communications. God’s chief attribute is identified as love and this love is both invincible and inescapable (Rom. Many say the etymology of religion lies with the Latin word religare, which means "to tie, to bind. It also determines the apex, the purpose to be used when writing society’s governing laws. The unit addresses the era from the foundation of each religion to 1000 C.E., and addresses 1. Come in the form of doctrines and tenets 1.3. Universal relgions and common cultures - A. Only our assumed meta-purpose, if properly composed, should resist the need for change. Come in the form of doctrines and tenets 1.3. These being belief and believers, sacred texts and writings, ethics and rituals and ceremonies. It must, in effect, apply to and connect not just humanity, but all organisms living at any time and in any galaxy, just as some existing religions intimate their ideologies apply. Religion is the state of being grasped by an ultimate concern, a concern which qualifies all other concerns as preliminary and which contains the answer to the question of the meaning of our life. Loving the neighbor is a key element of all genuine religion Beliefs and Believers 1.1. Some universalizi… 7 Basic Elements of Religion. Universalism The doctrine, held especially by some Christian groups, that all people will eventually be saved. Because most universalizing religions operate on a global scale, conversion to universalizing religions is usually relatively easy and highly encouraged by practitioners of the faith. Universalizing religions can usually be traced to a single founder, a result of the fact that most universalizing religions are younger than ethnic religions. Increase in religious ferment throughout Afro-Eurasia. Being knowledge-based and rationally structured, its tenets must continuously be amended as our knowledge base enlarges. Religion is an organization of beliefs, rituals and emotions. A better way to explain the nature of religion is to identify basic characteristics common to religions. Characteristics of ReligionMost of the leading religions throughout history have shared characteristics. I will assume this OP means religious belief systems. Anonymous. West: Christianity When Emperor Constantine ordered the creation of the Bible, beginning in 325, its purpose was to legitimize the Empire's new (in 385 CE) "Universal religion." Loving the neighbor is a key element of all genuine religion. You are currently viewing our boards as a guest which gives you limited access to view most discussions and access our other features. Islam and Buddhism are other large universalizing religions. In a democracy, the direction in which civilization heads is a matter for the population to decide. It should be a statement that lasts forever. Characteristics of Religion 1. Following are the 7 most basic elements of religion in sociology. In his book Religions of the World, Niels Nielsen presents 12 common characteristics found in most religions.. Brings people together in communities 1.2. Moreover, religion is a cultural universal found in all social groups. UNIVERSAL RELIGION AND RELIGIOUS DIVERSITY by Dr. Jan Garrett. By far the most practiced universalizing religion is Christianity. Beliefs and Believers 1.1. In the study of human geography, a universalizing religion is a religion that attempts to operate on a global scale and to appeal to all people wherever they reside, compared to an ethnic religion which primarily attracts one group of people living in one place. The Four Characteristics of Religion by Jordan Lyons 1. Over this 1000 year period, Europe, North Africa, the Middle East, Central Asia, and parts of East Asia transformed from polytheistic worshiping to believing in a single god or universal philosophy. Religion plays a pivotal role in the individual and collective affairs of human beings. I. Most religions include belief in the supernatural (spirits, gods, God) or belief in some other Ultimate Reality beyond, yet connected to, human experience and existence. For instance, in every culture, funeral rites are practiced in some way, although these customs vary between cultures and within religious affiliations. The religion must be rationally based. Characteristics of Human Rights: Human Rights are Universal: Human rights are universal because everyone is born with and possesses the same rights, regardless of where they live, their gender or race, or their religious, cultural, or ethnic background. 2. It must begin as it must continue, involving all who want to contribute to the future welfare of the supersystem Life that supports us. The Latin word ‘religare’ from which the term religion is derived means in fact to ‘tie back to’. These are the common characteristics or family traits of those members of the category or “family” of religion. The religion has to be suited to our times. The first seven general characteristics of Universalism include: 1. Syncretism Helps Hinduism and Buddhism Spread in Southeast Asia Buddhist priests sailed to Southeast Asia Chiefs wanted to adapt Indian rituals and idea of kinship From the 17th through the early 20th centuries, Christianity was primarily spread through European countries' colonization of places like North and South America and Africa. It says nothing about the afterlife and little about God, but it does say much of what needs to be said about how to conduct oneself in an ethical manner. By establishing a universal world view and a universal approach to religion, we have accomplished a very significant feat. In fact, almost all universalizing religions were founded Anno Domini, with the notable exception being Buddhism. The religion’s development cannot end. Sacred Texts and Writings 2.1. Some even may force conversion through conquest, as Islam did in the first half of the second millennium AD. Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Democracy forms one corner of civilization’s foundation. But beware of loss of integrity, and let rationality be present and dominate at every stage of its presentation. Ways must be found to separate religious power from legislated power, and legislated power must take precedence. -No concept of elitism by birth -Proximity to God based on merit NOT on skin colour/race/gender/family lineage/social class. Universalism The doctrine, held especially by some Christian groups, that all people will eventually be saved. The following talk was originally presented at the January 9, 2000, meeting of the Unitarian Universalist Church of Bowling Green KY. Characteristics of Religion. Sociological and anthropological theories about religion (or theories of religion) generally attempt to explain the origin and function of religion. Origins and development. Doubtlessly our new religion could have many other characteristics, but the above list should suffice for our purposes. 1 0. 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